Leopold ii (9 april 1835 – 17 december 1909) reigned as the king of the belgians from 1865 to 1909 and became known for the founding and exploitation of the congo free state as a private venture. King leopold ii of belgium laid personal claim to congo with the help of henry morton stanley, who was a welsh journalist and explorer he was given right to congo to improve the lives of the native inhabitants but he ignored the conditions and ran the congo using a mercenary force for his personal gain. In april 1884, seven months before the berlin congress, the us became the first country in the world to recognise the claims of king leopold ii of the belgians to the territories of the congo basin.
Granted to king leopold ii of belgium, the congo was a “personal” concession for the king, rather than a colony the king, not the belgian government, effectively owned and controlled the congo leopold administered the congo in a notoriously brutal manner, using it to augment his own personal wealth. Leopold ii of belgium 2 people the congo became one of the most infamous international scandals of the early 20th century, and leopold was ultimately forced to relinquish control of it to the government of belgium. Leopold ii (french language: léopold louis philippe marie victor, dutch language: leopold lodewijk filips maria victor) (9 april 1835 – 17 december 1909) was the king of the belgians, and is chiefly remembered for the founding and exploitation of the congo free state.
The congo free state, a vast area covering much of central africa, was the dream of belgian king leopold ii in 1885, he established control over a territory that had never been a single political or cultural region before. King leopold’s legacy in the congo may not bear thinking about, but his legacy on cap ferrat is one of beautiful villas and gardens the palace villa leopolda has since been rebuilt but the stunning villa les cedres with its exotic gardens remains. This video is an audio reading of a few articles regarding the history of the congo free state it was hard to find any proper academic studies on the belgian congo, for one, there is not a lot.
King leopold ii left arguably the largest and most horrid legacy while the great powers competed for territory elsewhere, the king of one of europe's smallest countries carved his own private colony out of 100km2 of central african rainforest. Following stanley's expedition to the congo, king leopold ii initially ruled congo as his personal property following the berlin conference   on 18 october 1908, the belgian parliament voted to annex congo  on 15 november 1908, leopold formally relinquished personal control over the state to belgium, forming the congo free state. On 1885-feb-05, the result was the congo free state (later the belgian congo, then zaire, and now the democratic republic of congo) at 905,000 square miles, (2344 million km 2 ), it was an area 76 times larger than belgium. Built to celebrate king leopold ii's acquisition of the congo a century ago, the greenhouses stretch for more than half a mile and are among the most visible and grandiose remaining symbols of a.
In 1885, the united states and european states—including belgium—recognized king leopold ii of belgium as the sovereign of a huge state roughly contiguous with the congo river basin called the état indépendant du congo, or the eic. Leopold ii king of belgium from 1865 to 1909 who also reigned in the congo free state, later zaire, now congo, from 1876 to 1904 he was forced to abdicate because of his harsh treatment of the native population. Leopold ii was the second king of belgium and was known mainly for his colonization of the congo during his reign during his time in power, leopold’s vision to make brussels a “little paris” through his architectural initiatives would come to be envisaged, but at the expense of exploiting the congo and its people.
On february 5, 1885, the result was the congo free state (later the belgian congo, then the democratic republic of congo, then zaire, and now the democratic republic of congo again), an area 76 times larger than belgium, which leopold was free to rule as a personal domain through his private army, the force publique. Letter from king leopold ii of belgium to colonial missionaries, 1883 3 it quickly dawned on them that a fifth column loyal to rome and controlled by the priests of a foreign religion was a clear and present danger to the sovereignty of a newly unified japan. King leopold ii of belgium (1835–1909) ruled for over 40 years for 20 years, he owned the free state of congo in central africa, a 3,000-square-mile section of resource-rich interior jungle and savannah. By 1908, public pressure and diplomatic manoeuvres led to the end of leopold ii's rule and to the annexation of the congo as a colony of belgium, known as the congo free state on january 4, 1959, congolese stood in defiance of belgian colonialism demanding independence.